Triathlon Coach Roy Hinnen

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Formulas by Roy Hinnen

Train effectively
That is only possible if you understand what training activities have what effects on your body. To do this you have to know where for example your basic endurance region lies or what speed you need for intervals.
So what is metabolism?

The absorption, transport and chemical transformation of substances in an organism is known as metabolism. Enzymes which control and accelerate chemical reactions are crucial for metabolism. Chemical transformation of substances shows itself in the following:

•    Activity of individual organs and glands (hormones)
•    Protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism
•    The most important minerals
•    The metabolism burning activity
•    The acid/base economy

From the muscular point of view, endurance performance capability comprises the following aspects:
•    Muscle fibre composition (muscle genetics)
•    Muscle fibre attributes (sum of all the training that has changed the muscle)
•    Nutritional offer (size of the glycogen stores)
•    Nervous control and the production of substances that cause fatigue (heart performance lactate tolerance)
•    And the cardio-pulmonary system (the heart, lungs and  blood vessels working together).

The body does not only work with two threshold values!
An aerobic (lactate threshold) and anaerobic (lactate steady state); that is just a model and is open to discussion. “Truths“ are relative anyway. There are no generally accepted values, only individual transition regions which can be made comprehensible with models using various measurement processes like lactate, spiroergometry and motor-skills tests.

There are deficiency conditions which vary according to load. At the most simple: glycogen shortage on long intervals. At some time the sugar will run out and that is when it gets hard. Fat shortage – this actually never happens. This is why it is so important to train in the right regions. Over six hours, the athlete who can work best with fat metabolism will win competitions.

Heart frequency is strongly affected by outside influences like stress, nutrition, temperature, daily form and general health. The heart frequency responds slowly to changes in load which makes precise control of training areas in training more difficult. Since the performance delivered is directly measured as a physical value, performance-based training is independent of such influences which enables a better control over your training and the precise energy consumption.

How the acid-base balance looks is explained quickly by the FoodFormula and the 15 questions. In the PotentialFormula I have tried to calculate your time potential. Without much writing they give information, overview and clarity and support you to your advantage. 

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